A very large part is played by fraud in spiritualistic practices, both in the physical and psychical, or automatic, phenomena, but especially in the former. The frequency with which mediums have been convicted of fraud has, indeed, induced many people to abandon the study of psychical research, judging the whole bulk of the phenomena to be fraudulently produced.[55]
During the séance or trance period, note that as a medium you should not ask too many questions of the person you are helping. A good medium never asks the client to tell them the name of the deceased or any details; otherwise, it is not a valid reading. It is up to you to validate the deceased loved one's name, occupation in life, birth date, physical description, how they passed, and so on.
The medium Frank Decker was exposed as a fraud in 1932. A magician and séance sitter who called himself M. Taylor presented a mail bag and Decker agreed to lock himself inside it. During the séance objects were moved around the room and it was claimed spirits had released Decker from the bag. It was later discovered to have been a trick as Martin Sunshine, a magic dealer admitted that he sold Decker a trick mail bag, such as stage escapologists use, and had acted as the medium's confederate by pretending to be M. Taylor, a magician.[155] The British medium Estelle Roberts claimed to materialize an Indian spirit guide called "Red Cloud". Researcher Melvin Harris who examined some photographs of Red Cloud wrote the face was the same as Roberts and she had dressed up in a feathered war-bonnet.[156]

Between 8 November and 31 December 1920 Gustav Geley of the Institute Metapsychique International attended fourteen séances with the medium Franek Kluski in Paris. A bowl of hot paraffin was placed in the room and according to Kluski spirits dipped their limbs into the paraffin and then into a bath of water to materialize. Three other series of séances were held in Warsaw in Kluski's own apartment, these took place over a period of three years. Kluski was not searched in any of the séances. Photographs of the molds were obtained during the four series of experiments and were published by Geley in 1924.[123][124] Harry Houdini replicated the Kluski materialization moulds by using his hands and a bowl of hot paraffin.[125]
Later I talked to a friend about my guilt over participating in this scam when most of my callers would be better served by seeing an actual therapist. “Not necessarily,” she said. “Sometimes you just want someone to give you an answer. Therapists don’t give you an answer. Haven’t you ever been to a psychic?” When I confessed that I have, she said she had, too.
A) Everyone gets communication during their reading. Trenny has never had a reading where no one came through for someone. Even if you think you don't have many passings in your life, you do. Relatives and friends of relatives you may have never even met tend to show up during readings. And don't be surprised if a loved one of one of your friends shows up. The spirits use the reading as an opportunity to get messages to loved ones if needed. 
I have a psychic colleague who tunes into energy through his clients’ voices, but he finds reading via email challenging. His wife, who is also a psychic, is just the opposite. She feels her perceptions are clearer when reading through email or chat. She never uses the phone or sees clients in person. Obviously, a psychic won’t read for you over the phone if that isn’t their strength. The point being—it’s just not necessary to be physically present with your psychic for them to work with you.

On 4 February 1922, Harry Price with James Seymour, Eric Dingwall and William S. Marriott had proven the spirit photographer William Hope was a fraud during tests at the British College of Psychic Science. Price wrote in his SPR report "William Hope has been found guilty of deliberately substituting his own plates for those of a sitter... It implies that the medium brings to the sitting a duplicate slide and faked plates for fraudulent purposes."[128] The medium Kathleen Goligher was investigated by the physicist Edmund Edward Fournier d'Albe. On July 22, 1921 in a séance he observed Goligher holding the table up with her foot. He also discovered that her ectoplasm was made of muslin. During a séance d'Albe observed white muslin between Goligher's feet.[129]
A contactless smart card uses the same radio-based technology as the proximity card, with the exception of the frequency band used: it uses a higher frequency (13.56 MHz instead of 125 kHz), which allows the transfer of more data, and communication with several cards at the same time. A contactless card does not have to touch the reader or even be taken out of a wallet or purse. Most access control systems only read serial numbers of contactless smart cards and do not utilize the available memory. Card memory may be used for storing biometric data (i.e. fingerprint template) of a user. In such case a biometric reader first reads the template on the card and then compares it to the finger (hand, eye, etc.) presented by the user. In this way biometric data of users does not have to be distributed and stored in the memory of controllers or readers, which simplifies the system and reduces memory requirements.
The first thing you should know before going to a medium demonstration or private reading is that psychic mediums are basically a human telephone to the spirit world—they communicate with spirits. Unfortunately, they are a telephone without a dial. A psychic medium can’t just call up anyone from the spirit world with whom you want to talk. Instead, you get whoever is on the other end when the psychic medium “links” with the spirit world.
Her Professional References as a Psychic Medium are unparalleled in the Psychic Community. Her work is grounbreaking and unusual and includes working with many respected non-profit organizations since 2004. Denise is THE FIRST Psychic Medium to have ever worked in Victim’s Advocacy  Groups, directly with Mental Health Counselors and Doctors. Denise has created a precedent in Mental Health and Counseling and continues to volunteer countless hours, and is committed to donating her time and talents to various “Victim’s Advocacy” causes which include working with; Mental Health Professionals in Grief Support Groups for Suicide, Homicide and Sudden death, Addiction Recovery Groups, Veterans families & Wounded Warriors, Scientists & Researchers, Law Enforcement Agents, Detectives & Attorneys on local and federal levels in the US and abroad. She is also sought after for her very accurate and insightful “Psychic Readings” and Professional Intuitive Consulting Services for Business, Personal and Health issues. Denise is often called upon to investigate and resolve Hauntings. She gives Seminars all over the world and is author of The Messenger which was *Awarded “Top 10 Book on Freado and Bookbuzzr*.

For example, Psychic fairs have a block of people that need to be read. To go into a deep trance in such an atmosphere would be difficult. The loud sound, dim lighting, and large amounts of people would not be practical or productive. This is where basic scrying or Tarot Cards may produce better results. Another psychic reader may use different tools in the same circumstances. Some clients may be easier to read than others. Some cases, if more detail or confirmation on a piece of information received, then an additional tool would be very helpful. With some clients some readers may only rely on clairaudience. Yet for other clients prefer a more visual approach so channeling or scrying may be the best tool to use. In the case of missing people, psychometry may be the best tool to gain additional information.
For years, psychic mediums (also called channelers) have been providing comfort and answers to those of us who are still on earth and looking to communicate with loved ones who have moved onto a better place. In addition to being able to foresee the future, psychic mediums also have the gift of communicating with the dead, which can provide numerous benefits to those longing to reconnect with kindred spirits. And by connecting with beings and energies in the spiritual world, including angels and spirit guides, a psychic medium can help you gain inner peace and increased spiritual awareness. Psychic medium readings are spiritual readings, because they create a bridge between our world and the spiritual realm.

Eventually, word got around that I was delivering messages from spirit. People started calling me to contact specific people for them and to get guidance. Once I embraced my gift, I realized I had just barely scratched the surface of what was to come. Ever since, I have been exploring and expanding these many gifts. I am grateful and excited every day to meet with my clients and  do this incredible work.
Jump up ^ Joseph McCabe. (1920). Spiritualism: A Popular History from 1847. Dodd, Mead and Company. pp. 110–12. A Mr. Merrifield was present at one of the sittings. Home's usual phenomena were messages, the moving of objects (presumably at a distance), and the playing of an accordion which he held with one hand under the shadow of the table. But from an early date in America he had been accustomed occasionally to "materialise" hands (as it was afterwards called). The sitters would, in the darkness, faintly see a ghostly hand and arm, or they might feel the touch of an icy limb. Mr. Merrifield and the other sitters saw a "spirit-hand" stretch across the faintly lit space of the window. But Mr. Merrifield says that Home sat, or crouched, low in a low chair, and that the "spirit-hand" was a false limb on the end of Home's arm. At other times, he says, he saw that Home was using his foot."
“"As a professional medium my own personal reading with Denise Lescano was "right on". Everything she said about my Mother and Step-Mother was verifiable information. My Mom who would not go to any Medium that I tried to connect with previously for whatever reason, I know had chosen Denise to be the conduit being they have something in common. I was very impressed with her work ethic, high integrity, and her moral character. Denise brings tremendous sensitivity in to her work. She's an "evidential medium"- one of the very best for t...“
“I recently had a telephone reading from Denise Lescano. It was a wonderful experience. Several of my relatives came through to bring messages for me. My son committed suicide awhile ago, and Denise picked up on that. My son's grandfather, who has been gone for almost 18 years, came through first and relayed that he has been waiting from my son to bring him to the light. Then my son came through. Denise was so in touch with him. The messages my son had for me were things that no one else would have known about, except my son and I. My ...“
Psychic Text Questions, Psychic Chat Readings and Psychic Email Readings: Are you always on the move? We understand how many of our clients use their smartphones as their primary means of communication. We are pleased to offer affordable psychic questions in a text message format. This option is ideal when you are on a budget or do not have the privacy needed to engage with a psychic by phone. For only $30.00, you can send a question via text and get a response as soon as your chosen advisor is available. Note: This psychic reading service is for a single question and does not allow for follow-up texts or any other clarifications. Finally, it’s possible to get an answer from a top psychic, even if you’re out and about. Talking with your psychic advisor via chat is another great option. Chat Psychic Readings are priced the same as those offered by telephone, and provide the advantage of being able to e-mail or print a copy of your transcript for future reference. Additionally, email psychic readings are similar to online psychic chat, but are preferred by many clients when they have very specific questions to ask and desire more time to collect their thoughts. Email psychic readings can be ordered in one, two, three or four question formats. Please allow your psychic 24-48 hours to return your guidance.
The exposures of fraudulent activity led to a rapid decline in ectoplasm and materialization séances.[199] Investigator Joe Nickell has written that modern self-proclaimed mediums like John Edward, Sylvia Browne, Rosemary Altea and James Van Praagh are avoiding the Victorian tradition of dark rooms, spirit handwriting and flying tambourines as these methods risk exposure. They instead use "mental mediumship" tactics like cold reading or gleaning information from sitters before hand (hot reading). Group readings also improve hits by making general statements with conviction, which will fit at least one person in the audience. Shows are carefully edited before airing to show only what appears to be hits and removing anything that does not reflect well on the medium.[200]

My favorite thing to do is to raise awareness so people like you can put it into everyday action. I don’t think a private reading is what you need – you might want to join the Evolve community. It is a great way for people to jump in and connect not only with me, but with other like-minded folks from all around the world. There’s too many benefits to list being an evolve member here – but CLICK HERE and you might be one of the five people who win a private reading each month just because they are Evolvers (that’s what the community has nicknamed each other)!
If you've ever been awake and drunk in front of a television at 4 a.m., you know that most of the programming is American flags waving in slow motion and phone psychic commercials. We've all wondered what kind of gullible soul calls those places -- but have you ever paused to consider who answers that call? We at Cracked spend a lot of time nursing a jug of Carlo Rossi alone in an apartment without basic cable, so obviously we jumped at the chance to sit down with a telephone psychic and hammer him with a barrage of drunken questions. Here's what we learned:
Mina Crandon claimed to materialize a "spirit hand", but when examined by biologists the hand was discovered to be made from a piece of carved animal liver.[143] The German apport medium Heinrich Melzer was discovered to be a fraud in 1926. In a séance psychical researchers found that Melzer had small stones attached to the back of his ears by flesh coloured tape.[144] Psychical researchers who investigated the mediumship of Maria Silbert revealed that she used her feet and toes to move objects in the séance room.[145]
Francesca | I can always count on Francesca to give me the 'no fluff' truth about what she receives. She is one of my favorites for this reason! Among her other attributes is her ability to answer your questions quickly without asking you question after question. Yes, she's that quick! And when you're done early with your questions, she thanks you quickly before getting off the phone call with you. So yes, she respects the minutes you've purchased and she doesn't string you along. She ...
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