The British medium William Roy earned over £50,000 from his séance sitters. He confessed to fraud in 1958 revealing the microphone and trick-apparatus that he had used. The automatic writings of the Irish medium Geraldine Cummins were analyzed by psychical researchers in the 1960s and they revealed that she worked as a cataloguer at the National Library of Ireland and took information from various books that would appear in her automatic writings about ancient history.
In a reading, for instance, if you are skeptical, the messages might not be quite as clear as they could be if you were more open-minded. If you are fearful or angry, this low mental energy could inhibit the clarity of the messages. If you are on medication or abusing drugs or alcohol, your mental and emotional clarity could also affect the clarity of the messages.
For years, psychic mediums (also called channelers) have been providing comfort and answers to those of us who are still on earth and looking to communicate with loved ones who have moved onto a better place. In addition to being able to foresee the future, psychic mediums also have the gift of communicating with the dead, which can provide numerous benefits to those longing to reconnect with kindred spirits. And by connecting with beings and energies in the spiritual world, including angels and spirit guides, a psychic medium can help you gain inner peace and increased spiritual awareness. Psychic medium readings are spiritual readings, because they create a bridge between our world and the spiritual realm.
A very large part is played by fraud in spiritualistic practices, both in the physical and psychical, or automatic, phenomena, but especially in the former. The frequency with which mediums have been convicted of fraud has, indeed, induced many people to abandon the study of psychical research, judging the whole bulk of the phenomena to be fraudulently produced.