^ Brian Righi. (2008). Ghosts, Apparitions and Poltergeists: An Exploration of the Supernatural through History. Llewellyn Publications. Llewellyn Publications. p. 52. ISBN 978-0-7387-1363-2 "One medium of the 1920s, Mina Crandon, became famous for producing ectoplasm during her sittings. At the height of the séance, she was even able to produce a tiny ectoplasmic hand from her navel, which waved about in the darkness. Her career ended when Harvard biologists were able to examine the tiny hand and found it to be nothing more than a carved piece of animal liver."
In 1876, William Eglinton was exposed as a fraud when the psychical researcher Thomas Colley seized a "spirit" materialization in his séance and cut off a portion of its cloak. It was discovered that the cut piece matched a cloth found in Eglinton's suitcase.[79] Colley also pulled the beard off the materialization and it was revealed to be a fake, the same as another one found in the suitcase of Eglinton.[80] In 1880 in a séance a spirit named "Yohlande" materialized, a sitter grabbed it and was revealed to be the medium Mme. d'Esperance herself.[81]
8/As the psychic reading goes along, take as many notes as you like and jot down anything that you want to know more about.  Many telephone psychic companies offer recordings of readings so that you can listen to them again, we have a members area where you can listen back to your psychic reading for free if you book by credit card or Paypal. You also want to stay on track as you’re actually having the psychic reading.  Sometimes you can get so involved in one topic that you put the phone down and then think – oh!  I meant to ask so and so. 

For example, Psychic fairs have a block of people that need to be read. To go into a deep trance in such an atmosphere would be difficult. The loud sound, dim lighting, and large amounts of people would not be practical or productive. This is where basic scrying or Tarot Cards may produce better results. Another psychic reader may use different tools in the same circumstances. Some clients may be easier to read than others. Some cases, if more detail or confirmation on a piece of information received, then an additional tool would be very helpful. With some clients some readers may only rely on clairaudience. Yet for other clients prefer a more visual approach so channeling or scrying may be the best tool to use. In the case of missing people, psychometry may be the best tool to gain additional information.
If you've maxed out the memory on your camera, action cam, or smartphone, then there's a good chance you've invested in a memory card. Just one catch -- your laptop might not have a compatible port to speak with your memory card. That's where a card reader comes in. These handy go-between devices transmit data between a memory card and your computer. Let's answer some common questions about memory card readers.
Many 19th century mediums were discovered to be engaged in fraud.[61] While advocates of mediumship claim that their experiences are genuine, the Encyclopædia Britannica article on spiritualism notes in reference to a case in the 19th century that "...one by one, the Spiritualist mediums were discovered to be engaged in fraud, sometimes employing the techniques of stage magicians in their attempts to convince people of their clairvoyant powers." The article also notes that "the exposure of widespread fraud within the spiritualist movement severely damaged its reputation and pushed it to the fringes of society in the United States."[62]