From its earliest beginnings to contemporary times, mediumship practices have had many instances of fraud and trickery.[52] Séances take place in darkness so the poor lighting conditions can become an easy opportunity for fraud. Physical mediumship that has been investigated by scientists has been discovered to be the result of deception and trickery.[53] Ectoplasm, a supposed paranormal substance, was revealed to have been made from cheesecloth, butter, muslin, and cloth. Mediums would also stick cut-out faces from magazines and newspapers onto cloth or on other props and use plastic dolls in their séances to pretend to their audiences spirits were contacting them.[54] Lewis Spence in his book An Encyclopaedia of Occultism (1960) wrote:


One woman called wanting advice on which flowers would bolster her garden's psychic energy. I wound up Googling some pretty flowers and said, "Chrysanthemums look nice; they heighten your psychic abilities, and you want to plant them on the left side of the garden." I expounded on that for 45 minutes, and while proud may not be the right word for what I felt, it was definitely a significant achievement. At least the devil might be impressed, when I tell him in hell.

Her Professional References as a Psychic Medium are unparalleled in the Psychic Community. Her work is grounbreaking and unusual and includes working with many respected non-profit organizations since 2004. Denise is THE FIRST Psychic Medium to have ever worked in Victim’s Advocacy  Groups, directly with Mental Health Counselors and Doctors. Denise has created a precedent in Mental Health and Counseling and continues to volunteer countless hours, and is committed to donating her time and talents to various “Victim’s Advocacy” causes which include working with; Mental Health Professionals in Grief Support Groups for Suicide, Homicide and Sudden death, Addiction Recovery Groups, Veterans families & Wounded Warriors, Scientists & Researchers, Law Enforcement Agents, Detectives & Attorneys on local and federal levels in the US and abroad. She is also sought after for her very accurate and insightful “Psychic Readings” and Professional Intuitive Consulting Services for Business, Personal and Health issues. Denise is often called upon to investigate and resolve Hauntings. She gives Seminars all over the world and is author of The Messenger which was *Awarded “Top 10 Book on Freado and Bookbuzzr*.
I’d recommend sticking with advisors that have at least a 4-star rating or higher.  Any medium or clairvoyant with only 1 to 2 stars should be avoided at all costs, even if the rest of their profile sounds good and they claim to have years of experience.  Ultimately, the quality of a psychic is reflected by the ratings from and reviews from past clients.
The spirit photographer William Hope tricked William Crookes with a fake spirit photograph of his wife in 1906. Oliver Lodge revealed there had been obvious signs of double exposure, the picture of Lady Crookes had been copied from a wedding anniversary photograph, however, Crookes was a convinced spiritualist and claimed it was genuine evidence for spirit photography.[106]
In 1910 at a séance in Grenoble, France the apport medium Charles Bailey produced two live birds in the séance room. Bailey was unaware that the dealer he had bought the birds from was present in the séance and he was exposed as a fraud.[111] The psychical researcher Eric Dingwall observed the medium Bert Reese in New York and claimed to have discovered his billet reading tricks.[112] The most detailed account at exposing his tricks (with diagrams) was by the magician Theodore Annemann.[113]
On 4 February 1922, Harry Price with James Seymour, Eric Dingwall and William S. Marriott had proven the spirit photographer William Hope was a fraud during tests at the British College of Psychic Science. Price wrote in his SPR report "William Hope has been found guilty of deliberately substituting his own plates for those of a sitter... It implies that the medium brings to the sitting a duplicate slide and faked plates for fraudulent purposes."[128] The medium Kathleen Goligher was investigated by the physicist Edmund Edward Fournier d'Albe. On July 22, 1921 in a séance he observed Goligher holding the table up with her foot. He also discovered that her ectoplasm was made of muslin. During a séance d'Albe observed white muslin between Goligher's feet.[129]
One of the most important things for me is that I wanted everyone to be happy and empowered! I wanted people to feel that they weren’t risking anything by coming to one of the fab psychics here so I set it up so that, if people booked a credit card reading with one of my readers and they weren’t totally happy within the first five minutes, they could either try another reader or have their money back – no questions asked. Chemistry is so important and there are so many styles and sorts of psychic readings it’s essential to find the right one for you. It took me 20 years to find the right hairdresser never mind psychic! Psychic readings are an intimate thing and getting the right mix is as important as getting the detailed information.
“It has been said that all of life is our teacher and we are forever in a classroom. That makes so much sense as we definitely are on a journey in each of our lives. Along the way, my travels crossed paths with a very caring, compassionate and intuitive woman name Denise Lescano. A psychic medium with incredible talents and abilities, she has continuously shown this grief and life coach what a professional medium is about. Over the last 5 years, Denise has demonstrated to me what character, integrity, respect, compassion and sincerity ...“
Jump up ^ Paul Kurtz. (1985). A Skeptic's Handbook of Parapsychology. Prometheus Books. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-87975-300-9 "Florence Cook was caught cheating not only before her séances with Crookes but also afterward. Furthermore, she learned her trade from the mediums Frank Herne and Charles Williams, who were notorious for their cheating." Also see M. Lamar Keene. (1997). The Psychic Mafia. Prometheus Books. p. 64. ISBN 978-1-57392-161-9 "The most famous of materialization mediums, Florence Cook – though she managed to convince a scientist, Sir William Crookes, that she was genuine – was repeatedly exposed in fraud. Florence had been trained in the arts of the séance by Frank Herne, a well-known physical medium whose materializations were grabbed on more than one occasion and found to be the medium himself."
Finally she did connect me with my dad.  Before the reading she asked me to bring something that belonged to the person I wanted to hear from. During the reading, she started describing the item I had brought and she had even drawn it on a previous person's notes from their reading. I brought my dad's Good Conduct medal. It was simply amazing and unbelievable the amount of detail she was able to share about something she didn't even know I had brought with.
I find working with a client remotely is sometimes even more effective than having them sitting across from me. There are fewer distractions, and I am not influenced by their type of dress or how they present themselves. This isn’t to suggest that in-person readings aren’t effective or that all psychics feel that way, but having a phone reading can be at least as useful as seeing someone in person. Remember that psychics can tap into your energy anywhere, making phone readings an effective resource for those seeking long-distance psychic advice.
An experiment conducted by the British Psychological Society in 2005 suggests that under the controlled condition of the experiment, people who claimed to be professional mediums do not demonstrate the mediumistic ability. In the experiment, mediums were assigned to work the participants chosen to be "sitters." The mediums claimed to contact the deceased who were related to the sitters. The research gather the numbers of the statements made and have the sitters rate the accuracy of the statements. The readings that were considered to be somewhat accurate by the sitters were very generalized, and the ones that were considered inaccurate were the ones that were very specific.[193]
A very large part is played by fraud in spiritualistic practices, both in the physical and psychical, or automatic, phenomena, but especially in the former. The frequency with which mediums have been convicted of fraud has, indeed, induced many people to abandon the study of psychical research, judging the whole bulk of the phenomena to be fraudulently produced.[55]
Spiritualists believe that phenomena produced by mediums (both mental and physical mediumship) are the result of external spirit agencies.[38] The psychical researcher Thomson Jay Hudson in The Law of Psychic Phenomena (1892) and Théodore Flournoy in his book Spiritism and Psychology (1911) wrote that all kinds of mediumship could be explained by suggestion and telepathy from the medium and that there was no evidence for the spirit hypothesis. The idea of mediumship being explained by telepathy was later merged into the "super-ESP" hypothesis of mediumship which is currently advocated by some parapsychologists.[39]
4/Along with anything else that you might look at, I think how you are treated on reception gives you a huge clue.  If a telephone psychic reading company is reputable, you can have an informal chat about what kind of psychic reading is right for you and which reader might suit you without ever feeling under pressure to go ahead and have a psychic reading.
Whether you're looking for advice from an empath, or a tarot card reading from a skilled card reader, any and every type of reading can be done accurately over the phone. You don’t have to spend hours with a telephone psychic to get important insights and answers to your questions. If you feel you are not connecting well with an Advisor, it’s OK to say so and continue browsing until you find someone with whom you truly connect.
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